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澳门新葡亰appInnoDB意向锁和插入意向锁

 

Preface

 

    Last night one buddy in tech wechat group asked "what's intention locks of InnoDB?"Thus,I'm gonna say someting about it.As we all know,there're various types of lock in InnoDB engine such as record locks,gap locks,next key locks and so forth.Intention locks is another kind of granularity of lock of InnoDB.

 

Introduce

 

1. Intention Locks

 

    Intention locks of InnoDB are table-level locks.It's generated to indicate which type of lock relevant to a certain row in which the transaction will involve(shared or exclusive lock).It seems like that one guy is booking a ticket of the train to somewhere while the ticket system broadcasts there's a guy mean to ocuppy a seat of certain compartment in the train.But it does not block the action of booking ticket on the same train from another guy at the same time(another intention lock).That is,intention locks does not block each other at all only if you are modify the same row(booking the same seat).It's the effect of exclusive lock instead of intention lock.

 

    There're two kinds of intention locks in InnoDB:

  • Intention shared lock(IS): It indicates that a transaction is setting(or going to set) a shared lock on several rows for shared query operations.
  • Intention exclusive lock(IX): It indicates that a transaction is setting(or going to set) a exclusive lock on several rows for exclusive modification operations.**

 

    Notice,any transaction who want to get row-level lock(shared or exclusive lock) on a record in a table must get the intention locks first.Generally speaking,S row-level lock is versus IS while X row-level lock is versus IX.There conflict relationship shows below.

 

  X IX S IS
X Conflict Conflict Conflict Conflict
IX Conflict Compatible Conflict Compatible
S Conflict Conflict Compatible Compatible
IS Conflict Compatible Compatible Compatible
  • *

   What we can see is that intention locks does not conflict themselves and always be compatible.In most scenarios,Intention locks do not block other transactions except for operation like "lock table ... writ;".The purpose of intention locks is to tell Innodb that someone is gonna add a lock on those relevant rows(for later reading or modifying) in a target table.

 

**2. I**nsert In***tention Locks***

澳门新葡亰app, 

    Now we've known clearly about intention locks,but what's the insert intention locks?Are the intention locks relevant with insert operations?Almost,it actually related to gap lock generated by insert operation.It indicates that transactions of insert do not need to wait for each other if they are not inserting at same position within the gap when they later get the exclusive locks on those inserted rows .

 

*Examples*

* *

澳门新葡亰官网APP,*1. Intention locks test **in the same session **with "innodb_status_output_locks=off".***

 1 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>select @@transaction_isolation;
 2 +-------------------------+
 3 | @@transaction_isolation |
 4 +-------------------------+
 5 | REPEATABLE-READ         |
 6 +-------------------------+
 7 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 8 
 9 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>show variables like '%status%';
10 +----------------------------+-------+
11 | Variable_name              | Value |
12 +----------------------------+-------+
13 | innodb_status_output       | ON    | //If set "on",it prints innodb status into error log and refresh every 20s by default.
14 | innodb_status_output_locks | OFF   | //If set "off",there're no intention locks in result of "show engine innodb status;".
15 +----------------------------+-------+
16 2 rows in set (0.01 sec)
17 
18 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@autocommit;
19 +--------------+
20 | @@autocommit |
21 +--------------+
22 |            1 | //If does not specify "begin" or "start transaction" to explicitly generate a transaction,it commits after typing enter.
23 +--------------+
24 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
25 
26 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>show create table tG
27 *************************** 1. row ***************************
28        Table: t
29 Create Table: CREATE TABLE `t` (
30   `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
31   `name` char(10) DEFAULT NULL,
32   KEY `id` (`id`)
33 ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
34 1 row in set (0.01 sec)
35 
36 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;
37 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
38 
39 +----+------+
40 | id | name |
41 +----+------+
42 |  1 | aaa  |
43 +----+------+
44 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
45 
46 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>select * from t for update;
47 +----+------+
48 | id | name |
49 +----+------+
50 |  1 | aaa  |
51 |  2 | bbb  |
52 |  4 | ccc  |
53 |  6 | fff  |
54 +----+------+
55 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
56 
57 [root@zlm1 03:41:54 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
58 #echo '' > error.log 
59 
60 [root@zlm1 03:42:04 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
61 #tail -f error.log 
62 
63 
64 ...
65 ------------
66 TRANSACTIONS
67 ------------
68 Trx id counter 2996009
69 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996003 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
70 History list length 12
71 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
72 ---TRANSACTION 2996008, ACTIVE 83 sec
73 4 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 10 row lock(s)
74 MySQL thread id 210, OS thread handle 140311521974016, query id 8335 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm
75 ...
76 
77 ----------------------------
78 END OF INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
79 ============================
80 ^C
81 
82 //There're no intention locks at all.

 

*2. Intention locks test in the same session with "innodb_status_output_locks=on".*

  1 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>set @@global.innodb_status_output_locks=on;
  2 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
  3 
  4 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>exit
  5 Bye
  6 
  7 [root@zlm1 03:44:23 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
  8 #mysql
  9 Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
 10 Your MySQL connection id is 217
 11 Server version: 5.7.21-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
 12 
 13 Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 14 
 15 Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
 16 affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
 17 owners.
 18 
 19 Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.
 20 
 21 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@transaction_isolation;
 22 +-------------------------+
 23 | @@transaction_isolation |
 24 +-------------------------+
 25 | REPEATABLE-READ         |
 26 +-------------------------+
 27 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 28 
 29 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@global.innodb_status_output_locks;
 30 +-------------------------------------+
 31 | @@global.innodb_status_output_locks |
 32 +-------------------------------------+
 33 |                                   1 |
 34 +-------------------------------------+
 35 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 36 
 37 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@global.innodb_status_output;
 38 +-------------------------------+
 39 | @@global.innodb_status_output |
 40 +-------------------------------+
 41 |                             1 |
 42 +-------------------------------+
 43 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 44 
 45 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@autocommit;
 46 +--------------+
 47 | @@autocommit |
 48 +--------------+
 49 |            1 |
 50 +--------------+
 51 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 52 
 53 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>use zlm
 54 Reading table information for completion of table and column names
 55 You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A
 56 
 57 Database changed
 58 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;
 59 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 60 
 61 +----+------+
 62 | id | name |
 63 +----+------+
 64 |  1 | aaa  |
 65 +----+------+
 66 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 67 
 68 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>select * from t for update;
 69 +----+------+
 70 | id | name |
 71 +----+------+
 72 |  1 | aaa  |
 73 |  2 | bbb  |
 74 |  4 | ccc  |
 75 |  6 | fff  |
 76 +----+------+
 77 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 78 
 79 [root@zlm1 03:42:09 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
 80 #tail -f error.log 
 81 
 82 ...
 83 ------------
 84 TRANSACTIONS
 85 ------------
 86 Trx id counter 2996010
 87 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996003 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
 88 History list length 12
 89 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
 90 ---TRANSACTION 2996009, ACTIVE 29 sec
 91 4 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 10 row lock(s)
 92 MySQL thread id 217, OS thread handle 140311415838464, query id 8738 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm
 93 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996009 lock mode IS //Here's an "IS" intention lock generated by "select ... lock in share mode;" operation.
 94 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996009 lock mode S //Here's a "S" shared lock of records.
 95 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
 96  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;;
 97 
 98 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 99  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
100  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
101  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
102  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
103  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
104 
105 Record lock, heap no 3 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
106  0: len 6; hex 000000000701; asc       ;;
107  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
108  2: len 7; hex a800000261011f; asc     a  ;;
109  3: len 4; hex 80000002; asc     ;;
110  4: len 10; hex 62626220202020202020; asc bbb       ;;
111 
112 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
113  0: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
114  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
115  2: len 7; hex a800000261012e; asc     a .;;
116  3: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
117  4: len 10; hex 63636320202020202020; asc ccc       ;;
118 
119 Record lock, heap no 5 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
120  0: len 6; hex 000000000703; asc       ;;
121  1: len 6; hex 0000002db721; asc    - !;;
122  2: len 7; hex 360000012c2a35; asc 6   ,*5;;
123  3: len 4; hex 80000006; asc     ;;
124  4: len 10; hex 66666620202020202020; asc fff       ;;
125 
126 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996009 lock mode IX //Here's an "IX" intertion lock generated by "select ... for update;" operation.
127 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996009 lock_mode X //Here's a "X" exclusive lock of records.
128 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
129  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;;
130 
131 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
132  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
133  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
134  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
135  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
136  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
137 
138 Record lock, heap no 3 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
139  0: len 6; hex 000000000701; asc       ;;
140  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
141  2: len 7; hex a800000261011f; asc     a  ;;
142  3: len 4; hex 80000002; asc     ;;
143  4: len 10; hex 62626220202020202020; asc bbb       ;;
144 
145 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
146  0: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
147  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
148  2: len 7; hex a800000261012e; asc     a .;;
149  3: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
150  4: len 10; hex 63636320202020202020; asc ccc       ;;
151 
152 Record lock, heap no 5 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
153  0: len 6; hex 000000000703; asc       ;;
154  1: len 6; hex 0000002db721; asc    - !;;
155  2: len 7; hex 360000012c2a35; asc 6   ,*5;;
156  3: len 4; hex 80000006; asc     ;;
157  4: len 10; hex 66666620202020202020; asc fff       ;;
158 ...
159 
160 ----------------------------
161 END OF INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
162 ============================
163 ^C
164 
165 //We've got an "IS" intention loc,an "IX" intention lock,four "S" locks and four "X" locks.
166 //Why does "slect ... where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;" operation holds four "S" locks while we just specify one line?'cause "name" column does not has index key on it.
167 //Therefore,if we need to observe the intention locks.The variable of "innodb_status_output_locks" should be set "on".

 

**3. Intention locks test between two sessions.**

  1 //Session 1:
  2 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>select @@global.innodb_status_output;
  3 +-------------------------------+
  4 | @@global.innodb_status_output |
  5 +-------------------------------+
  6 |                             1 |
  7 +-------------------------------+
  8 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
  9 
 10 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>select @@autocommit;
 11 +--------------+
 12 | @@autocommit |
 13 +--------------+
 14 |            1 |
 15 +--------------+
 16 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 17 
 18 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;
 19 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 20 
 21 +----+------+
 22 | id | name |
 23 +----+------+
 24 |  1 | aaa  |
 25 +----+------+
 26 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 27 
 28 //Session 2:
 29 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@global.innodb_status_output_locks;
 30 +-------------------------------------+
 31 | @@global.innodb_status_output_locks |
 32 +-------------------------------------+
 33 |                                   1 |
 34 +-------------------------------------+
 35 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 36 
 37 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@global.innodb_status_output;
 38 +-------------------------------+
 39 | @@global.innodb_status_output |
 40 +-------------------------------+
 41 |                             1 |
 42 +-------------------------------+
 43 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 44 
 45 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>select @@autocommit;
 46 +--------------+
 47 | @@autocommit |
 48 +--------------+
 49 |            1 |
 50 +--------------+
 51 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 52 
 53 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;select * from t for update;
 54 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 55 
 56 ERROR 1046 (3D000): No database selected
 57 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;select * from zlm.t for update;
 58 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 59 
 60 ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction //Wait for 50 seconds(by default) then becomes timeout.
 61 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>
 62 
 63 //Check the lock information in error log.
 64 [root@zlm1 04:02:10 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
 65 #tail -f error.log 
 66 
 67 ...
 68 ------------
 69 TRANSACTIONS
 70 ------------
 71 Trx id counter 2996011
 72 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996003 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
 73 History list length 12
 74 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
 75 ---TRANSACTION 2996010, ACTIVE 3 sec starting index read
 76 mysql tables in use 1, locked 1
 77 LOCK WAIT 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 1 row lock(s)
 78 MySQL thread id 244, OS thread handle 140311521974016, query id 9672 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm Sending data
 79 select * from zlm.t for update
 80 ------- TRX HAS BEEN WAITING 3 SEC FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED:
 81 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996010 lock_mode X waiting
 82 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 83  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
 84  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
 85  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
 86  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
 87  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
 88 
 89 ------------------
 90 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996010 lock mode IX
 91 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996010 lock_mode X waiting
 92 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 93  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
 94  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
 95  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
 96  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
 97  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
 98 
 99 ...
100 ----------------------------
101 END OF INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
102 ============================
103 ^C
104 
105 //Only an "IX" intention lock and an "X" record lock were found.There's no "IS" intention lock any more.
106 //Intention locks between transactons does not block each other,they don't conflict.Therefore,when session 2 is gonna to get "X" lock(for update),the "IX" intention lock was generated and the "IS" intention in session 1 didn't appear.
107 //How about reversing the operations in session 1 and session 2?Let's see below.
108 
109 //Session 1:
110 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t for update;
111 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
112 
113 +----+------+
114 | id | name |
115 +----+------+
116 |  1 | aaa  |
117 |  2 | bbb  |
118 |  4 | ccc  |
119 |  6 | fff  |
120 +----+------+
121 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
122 
123 //Session 2:
124 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;select * from t where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;
125 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
126 
127 ERROR 1046 (3D000): No database selected
128 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;select * from zlm.t where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;
129 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
130 
131 ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction
132 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>
133 
134 //Check the error log.
135 [root@zlm1 04:31:00 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
136 #tail -f error.log 
137 
138 ...
139 ------------
140 TRANSACTIONS
141 ------------
142 Trx id counter 2996012
143 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996003 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
144 History list length 12
145 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
146 ---TRANSACTION 2996011, ACTIVE 26 sec
147 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 5 row lock(s)
148 MySQL thread id 293, OS thread handle 140311415437056, query id 11463 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm
149 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996011 lock mode IX
150 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996011 lock_mode X
151 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
152  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;;
153 
154 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
155  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
156  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
157  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
158  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
159  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
160 
161 Record lock, heap no 3 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
162  0: len 6; hex 000000000701; asc       ;;
163  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
164  2: len 7; hex a800000261011f; asc     a  ;;
165  3: len 4; hex 80000002; asc     ;;
166  4: len 10; hex 62626220202020202020; asc bbb       ;;
167 
168 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
169  0: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
170  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
171  2: len 7; hex a800000261012e; asc     a .;;
172  3: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
173  4: len 10; hex 63636320202020202020; asc ccc       ;;
174 
175 Record lock, heap no 5 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
176  0: len 6; hex 000000000703; asc       ;;
177  1: len 6; hex 0000002db721; asc    - !;;
178  2: len 7; hex 360000012c2a35; asc 6   ,*5;;
179  3: len 4; hex 80000006; asc     ;;
180  4: len 10; hex 66666620202020202020; asc fff       ;;
181  
182  ...
183 ----------------------------
184 END OF INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
185 ============================
186 ^C
187 
188 //We've still get merely "IX" intention lock.The different is that there're four "X" record lock genrated by session 1 and they blocks the session 2 to hold shared read lock on those records,becuase "X" record locks confilct with both "X" and "S" record locks.Remember that we have no index key on column "name" and "select ... where name = 'aaa' lock in share mode;" mean to hold all the "S" record locks on the "name" column.

 

***4. Inert intention locks test.***

  1 //Session 1:
  2 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(zlm)]>select @@transaction_isolation;
  3 +-------------------------+
  4 | @@transaction_isolation |
  5 +-------------------------+
  6 | REPEATABLE-READ         |
  7 +-------------------------+
  8 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
  9 
 10 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t for update;
 11 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 12 
 13 +----+------+
 14 | id | name |
 15 +----+------+
 16 |  1 | aaa  |
 17 |  2 | bbb  |
 18 |  4 | ccc  |
 19 |  6 | fff  |
 20 +----+------+
 21 4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
 22 
 23 //Session 2:
 24 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(zlm)]>select @@transaction_isolation;
 25 +-------------------------+
 26 | @@transaction_isolation |
 27 +-------------------------+
 28 | REPEATABLE-READ         |
 29 +-------------------------+
 30 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 31 
 32 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;insert into zlm.t values(5,'eee');
 33 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
 34 
 35 ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction
 36 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>
 37 
 38 //Check the error log for detail of locks.
 39 [root@zlm1 04:51:25 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
 40 #tail -f error.log 
 41 
 42 ...
 43 ------------
 44 TRANSACTIONS
 45 ------------
 46 Trx id counter 2996022
 47 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996020 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
 48 History list length 15
 49 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
 50 ---TRANSACTION 2996021, ACTIVE 13 sec inserting
 51 mysql tables in use 1, locked 1
 52 LOCK WAIT 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 1 row lock(s) //The two lock structs were intention lock("IX") and insert intention lock.
 53 MySQL thread id 318, OS thread handle 140311522375424, query id 12700 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm update
 54 insert into zlm.t values(5,'eee')
 55 ------- TRX HAS BEEN WAITING 13 SEC FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED:
 56 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996021 lock_mode X insert intention waiting
 57 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
 58  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;; //Session 1 holds all "X" record locks of table "t".So it showed supremum what means the gap is infinite and no record can be inserted into the table at all.
 59 
 60 ------------------
 61 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996021 lock mode IX //The "IX" intention lock of session 2.
 62 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996021 lock_mode X insert intention waiting
 63 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
 64  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;;
 65 
 66 ---TRANSACTION 2996020, ACTIVE 255 sec
 67 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 5 row lock(s)
 68 MySQL thread id 316, OS thread handle 140311522174720, query id 12450 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm
 69 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996020 lock mode IX //The "IX" intention lock of session 1.
 70 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996020 lock_mode X
 71 Record lock, heap no 1 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 1; compact format; info bits 0
 72  0: len 8; hex 73757072656d756d; asc supremum;;
 73 
 74 Record lock, heap no 2 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 75  0: len 6; hex 000000000700; asc       ;;
 76  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
 77  2: len 7; hex a8000002610110; asc     a  ;;
 78  3: len 4; hex 80000001; asc     ;;
 79  4: len 10; hex 61616120202020202020; asc aaa       ;;
 80 
 81 Record lock, heap no 3 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 82  0: len 6; hex 000000000701; asc       ;;
 83  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
 84  2: len 7; hex a800000261011f; asc     a  ;;
 85  3: len 4; hex 80000002; asc     ;;
 86  4: len 10; hex 62626220202020202020; asc bbb       ;;
 87 
 88 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 89  0: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
 90  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
 91  2: len 7; hex a800000261012e; asc     a .;;
 92  3: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
 93  4: len 10; hex 63636320202020202020; asc ccc       ;;
 94 
 95 Record lock, heap no 5 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
 96  0: len 6; hex 000000000703; asc       ;;
 97  1: len 6; hex 0000002db721; asc    - !;;
 98  2: len 7; hex 360000012c2a35; asc 6   ,*5;;
 99  3: len 4; hex 80000006; asc     ;;
100  4: len 10; hex 66666620202020202020; asc fff       ;;
101  
102  ...
103 ----------------------------
104 END OF INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
105 ============================
106 ^C
107 
108 //Session 2 meant to get an insert intention lock when it was executing "insert into xxx" but waited until timeout.
109 //Whatif we only lock a certain record,what will session do then?Let's see below.
110 
111 //Session 1:
112 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [zlm]>begin;select * from t where id=4 for update;
113 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
114 
115 +----+------+
116 | id | name |
117 +----+------+
118 |  4 | ccc  |
119 +----+------+
120 1 row in set (0.00 sec)
121 
122 //Session 2:
123 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>begin;insert into zlm.t values(3,'ccc');
124 ERROR 1205 (HY000): Lock wait timeout exceeded; try restarting transaction
125 zlm@192.168.56.100:3306 [(none)]>
126 
127 //Check error log again.
128 [root@zlm1 05:06:19 /data/mysql/mysql3306/data]
129 #tail -f error.log 
130 
131 ...
132 ------------
133 TRANSACTIONS
134 ------------
135 Trx id counter 2996025
136 Purge done for trx's n:o < 2996020 undo n:o < 0 state: running but idle
137 History list length 15
138 LIST OF TRANSACTIONS FOR EACH SESSION:
139 ---TRANSACTION 2996024, ACTIVE 9 sec inserting
140 mysql tables in use 1, locked 1
141 LOCK WAIT 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 1 row lock(s), undo log entries 1
142 MySQL thread id 376, OS thread handle 140311521974016, query id 14398 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm update
143 insert into zlm.t values(3,'ccc')
144 ------- TRX HAS BEEN WAITING 9 SEC FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED:
145 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 4 n bits 72 index id of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996024 lock_mode X locks gap before rec insert intention waiting
146 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 2; compact format; info bits 0
147  0: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
148  1: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
149 
150 ------------------
151 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996024 lock mode IX
152 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 4 n bits 72 index id of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996024 lock_mode X locks gap before rec insert intention waiting
153 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 2; compact format; info bits 0
154  0: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
155  1: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
156 
157 ---TRANSACTION 2996023, ACTIVE 28 sec
158 4 lock struct(s), heap size 1136, 3 row lock(s)
159 MySQL thread id 374, OS thread handle 140311415437056, query id 14377 zlm1 192.168.56.100 zlm
160 TABLE LOCK table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996023 lock mode IX
161 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 4 n bits 72 index id of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996023 lock_mode X
162 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 2; compact format; info bits 0
163  0: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
164  1: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
165 
166 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 3 n bits 72 index GEN_CLUST_INDEX of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996023 lock_mode X locks rec but not gap
167 Record lock, heap no 4 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 5; compact format; info bits 0
168  0: len 6; hex 000000000702; asc       ;;
169  1: len 6; hex 0000002db708; asc    -  ;;
170  2: len 7; hex a800000261012e; asc     a .;;
171  3: len 4; hex 80000004; asc     ;;
172  4: len 10; hex 63636320202020202020; asc ccc       ;;
173 
174 RECORD LOCKS space id 175 page no 4 n bits 72 index id of table `zlm`.`t` trx id 2996023 lock_mode X locks gap before rec
175 Record lock, heap no 5 PHYSICAL RECORD: n_fields 2; compact format; info bits 0
176  0: len 4; hex 80000006; asc     ;;
177  1: len 6; hex 000000000703; asc       ;;
178 
179 //The locks seem to be more and more complicated.
180 //Session 1(TRANSACTION 2996023) holded an "IX" intention lock,a "X" record lock,two gap locks.
181 //Session 2(TRANSACTION 2996024) asked for holded an "IX" intention lock and asked for an intert intention lock which was relevant with the gap before the record it meant to insert.The transaction of session 2 waited until timeout.

 

*Summary*

  • *intention locks are table-level locks created by InnoDB automatically when we have intentions to modify a certain record(or some of relevant records) in these tables.*
  • The main effect of intention locks is to make InnoDB be more compatible in multidimensional lock granularity(both table-level and row-level locks).
  • It can simplify the mechanism in checking record locks of a certain table.For exmple,MySQL don't need to retrieve the full table when a client(or session) is modifying(or going to modify) records in that table.
    **
  • The variables "innodb_status_output_locks" should be set "on",if we want to see them in the output of "show engine innodb status" statement.
  • Insert intention locks is similar with intention locks but it's merely relevant with those insert operations.

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